Forensics is the practice of collecting, analyzing and reporting digital data in a way that is legally permissible. It can be used in the detection and prevention of crime and in any controversy in which the evidence is stored digitally. This discipline follows a process similar to that of other forensic disciplines, and faces similar problems.
There are few areas of delinquency or litigation where forensics can not be applied. Security forces have been among the oldest and heaviest users of computer forensics and as a result have often been at the forefront of developments in the field.
Computer equipment may constitute a ‘crime scene’, for example, with piracy or denial of service attacks, or may conduct tests in the form of emails, Internet history, documents or other files relating to crimes such as murder , Kidnapping, fraud, drug trafficking, child pornography, etc.
What can be analyzed?
- Computer equipment (servers and personal computers).
- Email accounts and associated messages.
- External Storage Devices: USB Flash Drives, SD Cards, CD, DVD
- Mobile phones, smartphones, tablets, PDAs, …
- Database systems.
- Forums and social networks.
- Websites missing in the face of an investigation threat.
- Complex software systems (ERP, CRM, accounting solutions, etc.)
It is not just the content of emails, documents and other files that may be of interest to researchers, but also what the computer forensics expert Name of “ metadata “. These metadata are associated with such files. A forensic exam can reveal when a document first appeared on a computer, when it was last edited, when it was the last Save or print and who was the user who carried out these actions.
Most recently, commercial organizations have used forensic informatics to their benefit in a variety of cases, such as;
- Theft of Intellectual Property
- Industrial espionage
- Disputes in a Work Environment
- Fraud Investigations
- Bankruptcy Investigations
- Using inappropriate e-mail and using the Internet in the workplace
- Regulatory Compliance
Consult the section of services offered within the portfolio of computer expert and computer forensics.